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Aquilina Law Meets with Minister of Foreign Affairs & International Cooperation of Somaliland

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Aquilina Law Meets with Minister of Foreign Affairs & International Cooperation of Somaliland Aquilina Law January 12, 2022

Aquilina Law Meets with Minister of Foreign Affairs & International Cooperation of Somaliland

On December 3, 2021, Foreign Minister for Somaliland, Dr. Essa Kayd Mohamoud, accompanied by his aide-de-camp and Mrs. Loula Isman, Somaliland representative in Canada, attended at the offices of Aquilina Law where they met with Martin Aquilina in order to discuss a potential action plan that would aid Somaliland in its quest for recognition of its sovereignty. The delegation outlined the challenges that Somaliland continues to face as an unrecognized nation, including acquiring COVID-19 vaccines from the international community.

Dr. Kayd, who currently serves as the Foreign Minister of Somaliland is also the founder of Hargeisa Neurology Hospitals.

Aquilina Law would like to thank his distinguished guests for honoring their offices with their presence.

What is Somaliland ?

After having been a British protectorate for 73 years, Somaliland gained its independence from Great Britain on June 26, 1960 and enacted the first Constitution of the Independent State of Somaliland. The day after independence, the Somaliland legislature passed the Union of Somaliland and Somalia Law (Law of Union), which was to be signed by the authorized representatives of both the peoples of Somaliland and of Somalia, then an Italian colony. Although the former signed the treaty, the legislative assembly of Somalia approved “in principle” a different treaty, referred to as the Atto di Unione or the Act of Union. Following this, members of the Somaliland and Somalia’s Legislative Assemblies met in a joint session during which the Constitution drafted by Somalia was accepted by acclamation, without discussion.

On June 20, 1961, a referendum was held on the new constitution, at which time the dissatisfaction of the people of Somaliland became very apparent. Of those who voted, a majority did so against the Union while many people abstained from voting to show their displeasure. Eight years later, a military coup from Somalia overthrew the civilian government and abolished the Somali Republic’s constitution. From 1969 to 1991, the military junta engaged in a systematic abuse of Somalilanders’ human rights, resulting in half a million people taking refuge in camps of surrounding regions and an estimated 100,000 casualties.

Once the military dictatorship was defeated by paramilitary groups, the people of Somaliland opted to restore their sovereignty and liberate themselves from Somalian hegemony. The Grand Burao Conference of 1991 took place and was attended by the traditional leaders of Somaliland, and a transitional government was appointed, subsequently reinstating the independence of Somaliland.

Today, Somaliland is one of the most stable countries in the horn of Africa while Somalia sits at the top of the list for failed states, according to the Fund for Peace’s Fragile State Index. It is generally acknowledged that Somaliland’s lack of international recognition as an independent state is impeding international relief and development as well as foreign direct investment.

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